Sunday, May 24, 2015

[copypaste] Makna Dalam Solat


Solat tunggang terbalik, tapi tak tau apa makna <---- saya

Then,
nampak orang share kat FB,
cepat-cepat copypaste masuk dalam blog untuk peringatan!!











sumber  : Facebook Islamic Aticles

Saturday, May 23, 2015

Glosari Multibahasa Untuk Istilah Bahan-bahan Masakan



發粉/泡打粉/泡大粉 /速發粉/蛋糕發粉
Baking Powder
Serbuk Penaik


蘇打粉/小蘇打/梳打粉/小梳打/食粉/重曹
Baking Soda/Bicarbonate Of Soda/Sodium Bicarbonate
Soda Penaik/Natrium Bikarbonat


麵包糠/麵包屑
Breadcrumbs
Serbuk Roti


低筋麵粉/低根粉
Cake Flour/Soft Flour/Weak Flour/Low Protein Flour
Tepung Kek/ Tepung Berprotein Rendah


糕仔粉
Cooked Rice Flour
Tepung Beras Masak


粟粉/粟米粉/玉米粉/玉米澱粉(太白粉)
Corn/Maize Flour/Cornstarch
Tepung Jagung


塔塔粉/他他粉
Cream Of Tartar
Tepung Tartar


奶皇餡/蛋奶餡
Custard/Pastry Cream
Kastard/Pastri Krim


卡士達粉/蛋黃粉/吉士粉/吉時粉
Custard Powder
Tepung Kastard


蛋白粉
Egg White Powder
Tepung telur putih


鳳片粉/熟糯米粉/糕粉/加工糕粉
Fried Sweet Rice Flour/Fried Glutinous Rice Flour
Tepung Kanji


高筋麵粉/筋麵/根麵/高根粉
Gluten Flour/Strong Flour/Bread Flour/Baker's Flour/High Protein Flour
Tepung Kuat/Tepung Roti/Tepung Berprotein Tinggi


糯米粉
Glutinous Rice Flour/Sweet Rice Flour
Tepung Pulut


拌粉/雜糧預拌粉
Multi-Grain Flour



綠豆粉
Mung Bean Flour/Green Bean Flour (Malaysian Term)
Tepung Hun Kwee/Tepung Hoen Kwe


澄麵粉/澄粉/澄麵
Non-Glutinous Flour/Wheat Flour/Wheat Starch
Tepung Gandum


麵粉/中筋麵粉
Plain Flour /All-Purpose Flour
Tepung Gandum/Tepung Pelbagai Guna


粗玉米豆粉
Polenta/Yellow Cornmeal



生粉/太白粉/地瓜粉
Potato Starch/Potato Flour
Tepung Ubi Kentang / Tepung Kentang


臭粉/胺粉/阿摩尼亞粉/嗅粉
Powdered Baking Ammonia/Carbonate Of Ammonia/Ammonia Bicarbonate/Ammonia Carbonate/Hartshorn
Serbuk Amonia Bikarbonat


粘米粉/黏米粉
Rice Flour
Tepung Beras


自發麵粉
Self- Raising Flour
Tepung Naik-Sendiri


蕃薯粉/地瓜粉
Sweet Potato Flour
Tepung Keledek


樹薯粉/木薯粉/茨粉/菱粉/泰國生粉/太白粉/地瓜粉
Tapioca Starch/ Tapioca Flour
Tepung Ubi Kayu/ Tepung Kanji


小麥胚芽/麥芽粉
Wheat Germ


麵筋/小麥蛋白/麵筋粉
Wheat Gluten


全麥麵粉
Wholemeal Flour/Whole Wheat Flour


酵母/酒餅
Yeast
Ibu Roti/Yis/Ragi


Sumber : http://www.knowingfood.com/glossary/multilingual_glossary_flour.html





A. Types of Flour , 面粉类 
  1. 麵粉, 中筋麵粉 = plain flour / all-purpose flour
  2. 低筋麵粉, 低根粉 = cake flour / soft flour / weak flour / low protein flour
  3. 高筋麵粉, 筋麵, 根麵, 高根粉 = gluten flour / strong flour / bread flour / baker’s flour / high protein flour
  4. 小麦面粉 = whole meal flour
  5. 全麥麵粉 = whole wheat flour
  6. 澄麵粉, 澄粉, 澄麵= non-glutinous flour / wheat flour / wheat starch
  7. 自發麵粉 = self- raising flour
  8. 粗玉米豆粉 = polenta / yellow cornmeal
  9. 粟粉, 粟米粉, 玉米粉, 玉米澱粉(太白粉) = corn flour / cornstarch
  10. 生粉 , 太白粉, 地瓜粉= potato starch / potato flour
  11. 樹薯粉, 木薯粉, 茨粉, 菱粉, 泰國生粉, 太白粉, 地瓜粉= Tapioca starch / tapioca flour
  12. 蕃薯粉, 地瓜粉 = sweet potato flour
  13. 臭粉, 胺粉, 阿摩尼亞粉, 嗅粉 = powdered baking ammonia / carbonate of ammonia / ammonia bicarbonate / ammonia carbonate / hartshorn
  14. 發粉, 泡打粉, 泡大粉, 速發粉, 蛋糕發粉 = baking powder
  15. 蘇打粉, 小蘇打, 梳打粉, 小梳打, 食粉, 重曹 = baking soda / bicarb ofsoda
  16. 塔塔粉, 他他粉 = cream of tartar
  17. 卡士達粉, 蛋黃粉, 吉士粉, 吉時粉= custard powder
  18. 卡士達, 克林姆, 奶皇餡, 蛋奶餡 = custard / pastry cream
  19. 蛋白粉 = egg white powder
  20. 粘米粉, 黏米粉, 在來米粉, 在萊米粉, 再來米粉= rice flour
  21. 糕仔粉 = cooked rice flour
  22. 糯米粉 = glutinous rice flour / sweet rice flour
  23. 鳳片粉, 熟糯米粉, 糕粉, 加工糕粉 = fried sweet rice flour / fried glutinous rice flour
  24. 綠豆粉 = mung bean flour / tepung hun kwee
  25. 小麥胚芽, 麥芽粉 = wheat germ
  26. 小麥蛋白, 麵筋粉 = wheat gluten
  27. 酵母, 酒餅= yeast/ibu roti
  28. 麵包糠, 麵包屑= breadcrumbs
  29. 雜糧預拌粉 = multi-grain flour
  30. 抹荼粉 = green tea powder
  31. 馬蹄粉 = water chestnut flour
  32. 葛粉 = arrowroot flour
  33. 杏仁粉 = almond flour/almond meal
B. Types of Sugar, 糖类

  1. 黑蔗糖漿, 糖蜜, 甘蔗糖蜜 = molasses
  2. 金黃糖漿 = golden syrup
  3. 楓糖漿, 楓樹糖漿, 楓糖 = maple syrup
  4. 玉米糖漿 = corn syrup/karo syrup
  5. 葡萄糖漿 = glucose syrup
  6. 麥芽糖漿 = barley maltsyrup/maltsyrup
  7. 麥芽糖 = maltose/malt sugar
  8. 焦糖 = carmael
  9. 果糖 = fructos
  10. 乳糖 = lactose
  11. 轉化糖 = invert sugar
  12. 日式糙米糖漿 = amazake
  13. 綿花糖霜 = marshmallow cream cream
  14. 冰糖 = rock sugar
  15. 椰糖, 爪哇紅糖 = palm sugar/gula malacca
  16. 黃砂糖 = brown sugar
  17. 紅糖, 黑糖 = dark brown sugar
  18. 粗糖, 黑砂糖 = muscovado sugar
  19. 金砂 = demerara sugar
  20. 原蔗糖 = raw sugar/raw cane sugar/unrefined cane sugar
  21. 白砂糖, 砂糖 = white sugar/refined sugar/refined cane sugar/coarse granulated sugar
  22. 細砂糖, 幼砂糖, 幼糖 = castor sugar / caster sugar(适用于做糕点)
  23. 糖份混合物 = icing sugar mixture
  24. 糖粉 = icing sugar/confectioners’ sugar
  25. 糖霜, 點綴霜 = icing/frosting
  26. 蜜葉糖, 甜葉菊 = stevia/honey leaf
  27. 代糖, 阿斯巴甜 = aspartame/sweetener/sugar substitute
  28. 什色糖珠
  29. 巧克力米, 朱古力米 = chocolate vermicelli/rice
  30. 巧克力削, 朱古力削 = chocolate curls
  31. 巧克力珠, 朱古力珠 = choc bits/chocolate chips
  32. 耐烤巧克力豆 = choc bits (澳洲的英文名) / chocolate chips (美國、加拿大的英文名)

C. 
Essence & Cream , 香精与奶类

  1. 白礬 = alum
  2. 硼砂 =- borax
  3. 石膏 = gypsum
  4. 鹼水, (木見)水, 碳酸钾 = alkaline water/lye water/potassium carbonate
  5. 食用色素 = food colouring
  6. 香草豆, 香草莢, 香草片, 香子蘭莢 = vanilla bean/vanilla pod
  7. 香草精, 雲尼拉香精, 凡尼拉香精 = vanilla extract/vanilla essence
  8. 香草粉 = vanilla powder
  9. 班蘭粉, 香蘭粉 = ground pandan/ground screwpine leaves/serbok daun pandan
  10. 班蘭精, 香蘭精 = pandan paste/pasta pandan
  11. 玫瑰露, 玫瑰露精 = rosewater/rosewater essence essence
  12. 皮屑 = grated zest/grated rind
  13. 牛油, 奶油 = butter
  14. 軟化牛油 = soft butter
  15. 瑪珈琳, 瑪琪琳, 乳瑪琳, 雅瑪琳, 人造奶油, 菜油 = margarine
  16. 起酥油, 起酥瑪琪琳 = pastry margarine / oleo margarine
  17. 豬油, 白油, 大油, 板油 = lard / cooking fat
  18. 酥油, 雪白奶油 shortening
  19. 硬化椰子油 = copha
  20. 椰油 = Creamed Coconut
  21. 烤油 = dripping
  22. 牛油忌廉 = butter cream
  23. 淡忌廉 = light cream/coffee cream/table cream
  24. 鮮奶油, 忌廉, 鮮忌廉 = cream/whipping cream
  25. 包括﹕1 light whipping cream
  26. 2 heavy whipping cream/heavy cream/thickened cream
  27. 3 double cream/pure cream
  28. 酸奶油, 酸忌廉, 酸奶酪, 酸乳酪 = sour cream
  29. 酸奶 = butter milk
  30. 牛奶, 鮮奶, 鮮乳 = milk
  31. 奶粉 = powdered milk / milk powder
  32. 花奶, 淡奶, 奶水, 蒸發奶, 蒸發奶水 = evaporated milk
  33. 煉奶 = condensed milk/sweetened condensed milk
  34. 起士, 起司, 芝士, 乳酪, 奶酪, 乾酪, 乳餅 = cheese
  35. 起司粉 = powdered cheese
  36. 奶油起司, 芝士忌廉, 奶油乳酪, 凝脂乳酪 = cream cheese
  37. 瑪斯卡波尼起司, 馬司卡膨起司, 馬斯卡波涅起司, 義大利乳酪 = mascarpone cheese
  38. 優格, 乳果, 酸奶, 酸乳酪 = yoghurt
  39. 優酪乳 = yoghurt drink/drinking yoghurt
D. Types of Confectionery, 糕点名称
  1. 麵包, 麵飽 = bread
  2. 土司麵包, 吐司 = toast
  3. 法式吐司 = french toast
  4. 裸麥麵包 = rye bread
  5. 派, 批 = pie
  6. 塔, 撻 = tart
  7. 凍派, 凍批 = cream pie
  8. 蛋塔 = egg tart / custard tart
  9. 法式蛋塔 = quiche lorraine
  10. 戚風蛋糕 = chiffon cake
  11. 海綿蛋糕 = sponge cake
  12. 泡芙 = choux pastry / puff
  13. 瑪琳 , 焗蛋泡 = meringue
  14. 蛋蜜乳 = eggnog
  15. 可麗餅 = crepe
  16. 煎餅, 熱餅, 薄烤餅 = pancake
  17. 厚鬆餅 = pikelet / hotcake
  18. 墨西哥麵餅 = tortillas
  19. 曲奇 = cookies
  20. 慕斯, 慕思 = mousse
  21. 布甸, 布丁 = pudding
  22. 司康, 比司吉 = scones
  23. 舒芙蕾 = souffles
  24. 洋芋塊 = hash brown
  25. 英式鬆餅, 瑪芬麵包 = english muffin
  26. 鬆糕, 瑪芬 = american muffin 
  27. 格子鬆餅 = waffle
  28. 手指餅乾 = sponge fingers / ladyfingers / savoiardi (義大利名)
  29. 蘇打餅干 = saltine crackers
  30. 威化餅乾 = wafer biscult

E. Dried Fruits & Nuts, 干果/果脯

  1. 腰子豆, 腰果, 腰果仁, 介壽果 = cashew nut
  2. 花生 = peanut
  3. 瓜子, 南瓜子 = pepitas / dried pumpkin seeds
  4. 崧子, 松子仁 = pine nut
  5. 栗子 = chestnut
  6. 干粟子 = dried chestuts
  7. 核桃, 核桃仁, 合桃, 胡桃 = walnut
  8. 杏仁, 杏仁片, 扁桃 = almond
  9. 北杏, 苦杏仁 = apricot kernel / chinese almond / bitter almond
  10. 南杏 = apricot kernel
  11. 榛果, 榛仁= hazelnut / filbert / cobnut
  12. 開心果, 阿月渾子 = pistachio
  13. 堅果, 澳洲堅果, 夏威夷果, 澳洲胡桃, 澳洲栗, 澳洲核桃, 昆士蘭龍眼, 昆士蘭栗 = macadamia / california nut
  14. 山胡桃, 胡桃 = pecan
  15. 石鼓仔, 馬加拉, 油桐子 = candlenut / buah keras
  16. 白果, 銀杏 = ginkgo nut
  17. 罌粟子 = poppy seed
  18. 亞答子 = atap seed
  19. 海苔粉 = ground seaweed
  20. 涼粉, 仙草 = grass jelly
  21. 椰絲, 椰茸, 椰子粉 = desiccated coconut/shredded coconut
  22. 果子凍, 果凍粉, 啫喱= jelly
  23. 魚膠粉, 吉利丁, 明膠 = gelatine sheets/powdered gelatine 
  24. 大菜, 大菜絲, 菜燕, 燕菜精, 洋菜, 洋菜粉, 瓊脂 = agar powder
  25. 乾椰絲 = dessicated coconut
  26. 龍眼乾, 龍眼肉, 桂圓, 圓肉= dried longan
  27. 葡萄乾 = raisin / dried currant
  28. 無花果乾 = dried fig
  29. 柿餅 = dried persimmon
  30. 桃脯 = dried peach
  31. 杏脯 = dried apricot
  32. 蘋果脯, 蘋果乾 = dried apple
  33. 蜜漬櫻桃, 露桃, 車梨子 = glace cherry/candied cherry
  34. 蜜漬鳳梨 = glace pineapple/candied pineapple
  35. 糖水批把 = loquats in syrup
  36. 杏子酱 = apricot jam
  37. 杏桃果膠 = apricot glaze
  38. 水蜜桃罐頭 = peaches in syrup
  39. 切片水蜜桃罐頭 = sliced peaches in syrup
  40. 綜合水果罐頭 = cocktail fruit in syrup 

F. General Ingredients

  1. 味精 = monosodium glutamate
  2. 醋 = vinegar
  3. 白醋(工研醋) = rice vinegar
  4. 白醋 = white vinegar (西洋料理用的)
  5. 烏醋 = black vinggar
  6. 酱油 = soy sauce
  7. 蚝油 = oyster sauce
  8. 麻油 = sesame oil
  9. 白酒 = white spirits
  10. 加饭酒 = rice wine
  11. 桂花酒 = osmanthus-flavored wine
  12. 芝麻酱 = sesame paste
  13. 辣椒醬 = chili sauce
  14. 牛頭牌沙荼醬 = bull head barbecue sauce/Chinese barbecue sauce
  15. 南乳 = fermented red beancurd
  16. 薑粉 = ginger powder
  17. 调味蕃茄醬 = ketchup
  18. 蕃茄醬 = tomato sauce (普通甜的)
  19. 蕃茄醬 = tomato paste (義大利料理用的)
  20. 豆辦醬 = chilli bean sauce
  21. XO醬 = XO sauce
  22. 豆豉 = salt black bean
  23. 薏米 = pearl barley
  24. 西贾米= sago
  25. 沙莪粒, 西米, 小茨丸 = pearl sago/pearl tapioca
  26. 紅豆沙, 烏豆沙 = red bean paste
  27. 綠豆片 = split mung bean
  28. 芝麻 = sesame Seeds
  29. 蓮子 = lotus seed
  30. 蓮蓉 = lotus paste
  31. 栗蓉 = chestnut puree / chestnut paste
  32. 蜜棗 = preserved red dates
  33. 紅棗 = chinese red dates
  34. 棗泥 = red date paste
  35. 百合 = dried lily bulb
  36. 金针 = tiger lily buds
  37. 陳皮 = dried orange peel/dried tangerine peel
  38. 豆腐 = tofu
  39. 腐竹 = dried beancurd sticks
  40. 腐皮 = beancurd sheet
  41. 酸菜 = pickled mustard-green
  42. 蒸山芋 = steamed sweet potatoes
  43. 咸黄瓜 = salted cucumber
  44. 脱水蒜粒 = dehydrated garlic granules
  45. 冬菇 = dried black mushroom
  46. 木耳 = white fungus
  47. 黑木耳 = black fungus / wood ear fungus / dried black fungus
  48. 海带 = sea vegetable / Sea weed
  49. 燒海苔 = toasted nori seaweed / roasted seaweed sushi nori
  50. 板海苔 = nori seaweed / dried sea laver
  51. 燕菜 = agar-agar
  52. 蝦米 = dried shrimp
  53. 鱼干 = dried fish
  54. 鹹蛋黃 = salted egg yolk
  55. 皮蛋(糖心/ 硬心) = preserved duck eggs (soft and hard yolk)
  56. 咸鸭蛋 = salted duck eggs
  57. 牛肉粒 = dried beef cubes
  58. 牛肉片 = dried beef sliced
  59. 猪肉松 = dried pork floss
  60. 腊鸭 = preserved duck
  61. 鸭肫干= preserved duck gizzard
  62. 烤鸭 = roasted duck
  63. 方便面 = instant noodles
  64. 面条 = noodles
  65. 米粉 = rice-noodle
  66. 粉丝 = silk noodles
  67. 餛鈍皮 = wonton wrapper/wonton skins
  68. 水餃皮 = dumpling wrapper / dumpling skins /gyoza wrapper
  69. 春捲皮 = spring roll wrapper , egg roll wrapper




Sumber : http://pengskitchen.blogspot.com/2008/11/translation-of-ingredient-terms.html